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Why does the Legislature create new Legislative and Congressional districts?




In 1964, the U.S. Supreme Court in the Wesberry v. Sanders case found that congressional districts must be drawn so that “as nearly as is practicable one man’s vote in a congressional election is...worth as much as another’s.” In the same year the Court determined in Reynolds v. Sims that the boundaries of legislative districts (both chambers of a bicameral legislature) must be redrawn and that the “overriding objective must be substantial equality of population among the various districts, so that the vote of any citizen is approximately equal in weight to that of any other citizen in the State.” The one-person-one-vote goal is achieved by creating districts that essentially are equal in population.